AFDye 594 Picolyl Azide
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AFDye™ 594 Picolyl Azide is an advanced fluorescent probe that incorporates a copper-chelating motif to raise the effective concentration of Cu(I) at the reaction site to boost the efficiency of the CuAAC reaction, resulting in a faster and more biocompatible CuAAC labeling. Up to 40-fold increase of signal intensity, compared to conventional azides, was reported (see Selected References).
In addition, the use picolyl azides instead of conventional azides allows for at least a tenfold reduction in the concentration of the copper catalyst without sacrificing the efficiency of labeling, significantly improving biocompatibility of CuAAC labeling protocol.
In summary, the introduction of a copper-chelating motif into azide probe leads to a substantial increase in the sensitivity and reduced cell toxicity of CuAAC detection alkyne-tagged biomolecules. This will be of special value for the detection of low abundance targets or living system imaging.
AFDye™ 594 (Alexa Fluor® 594 equivalent) is bright, water-soluble, and pH-insensitive from pH 4 to pH 10 red-fluorescent dye with absorption and emission maxima at 590 and 617 nm, respectively. It can be used with the 561 nm and 594 nm laser lines. AFDye™ 594 dye structurally is identical to Alexa Fluor® 594 sold by Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Alexa Fluor® 594 is a registered trademark of Thermo Fisher Scientific.
1. Jiang, H., et al. (2014). Monitoring Dynamic Glycosylation in Vivo Using Supersensitive Click Chemistry. Bioconjugate Chem.,, 25, 698-706. [PubMed]
2. Uttamapinant, C., et al. (2012). Fast, Cell-Compatible Click Chemistry with Copper-Chelating Azides for Biomolecular Labeling. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed,., 51, 5852-56. [PubMed]
3. Gaebler, A.,et al. (2016). A highly sensitive protocol for microscopy of alkyne lipids and fluorescently tagged or immunostained proteins. J. Lipid. Res., 57, 1934-47. [PubMed]