5-TAMRA Picolyl Azide
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AZDye™ 594 Picolyl Azide is an advanced fluorescent probe that incorporates a copper-chelating motif to raise the effective concentration of Cu(I) at the reaction site to boost the efficiency of the CuAAC reaction, resulting in a faster and more biocompatible CuAAC labeling. Up to 40-fold increase of signal intensity, compared to conventional azides, was reported (see Selected References).
In addition, the use picolyl azides instead of conventional azides allows for at least a tenfold reduction in the concentration of the copper catalyst without sacrificing the efficiency of labeling, significantly improving biocompatibility of CuAAC labeling protocol.
In summary, the introduction of a copper-chelating motif into azide probe leads to a substantial increase in the sensitivity and reduced cell toxicity of CuAAC detection alkyne-tagged biomolecules. This will be of special value for the detection of low abundance targets or living system imaging.
5-TAMRA (also known as TAMRA, isomer 5) is the red-fluorescent probe that is compatible with various excitation sources including mercury arc, tungsten and xenon arc lamps, the 544 nm line of the Helium-Neon laser and the 532 nm green laser line.
1. Jiang, H., et al. (2014). Monitoring Dynamic Glycosylation in Vivo Using Supersensitive Click Chemistry. Bioconjugate Chem.,, 25, 698-706. [PubMed]
2. Uttamapinant, C., et al. (2012). Fast, Cell-Compatible Click Chemistry with Copper-Chelating Azides for Biomolecular Labeling. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed,., 51, 5852-56. [PubMed]
3. Gaebler, A.,et al. (2016). A highly sensitive protocol for microscopy of alkyne lipids and fluorescently tagged or immunostained proteins. J. Lipid. Res., 57, 1934-47. [PubMed]
AFDye 594 DBCO
Excitation maximum: 590 nm
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AFDye 546 DBCO
Excitation maximum: 554 nm
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